Colic—the word that parents dread and has healthcare professionals perplexed. Intense crying, no sleep, and often resulting in a feeling of helplessness, society strives to find an answer for what causes colic, and how we can help stop it.

A common theory of what causes colic is general pain in a baby’s developing stomach. Colic is defined as “severe, often fluctuating pain in the abdomen caused by intestinal gas or obstruction in the intestines and suffered esp. by babies.” But what causes that pain? That’s the golden answer which practitioners in the medical field are striving to find out.

One possible cause of colic in some babies is a condition called transient lactase deficiency (TLD). When one is lactose intolerant, they have the inability to digest lactose, which is found in dairy products. Specifically, they lack an enzyme called lactase in the small intestine—it’s that enzyme which is needed to digest lactose. Though being lactose intolerant is fairly common among adults, it’s not seen very often in babies since by definition a baby's diet consists primarily of breastmilk. Nature has evolved most babies to produce adequate levels of lactase. When the condition does show up in newborns, it’s called transient lactase deficiency, because it is only temporary. Those infants that do lack the lactase enzyme will usually start producing it around four months of age.

The abdominal pain which the infant with TLD feels (and thus, causes the intense crying) is because the infant can not break down the lactose sugar which is found in breast or cow’s milk. The lactase enzyme is what’s needed to do this. As a result, “the undigested sugar will ferment and create lactic acid and hydrogen gas, which can contribute to colicky symptoms."

Because lactase production increases in the third trimester, pre-term infants are more likely to have TLD than full-term infants. Studies show that few infants born at 28 weeks' gestation have insufficient intestinal lactase activity, whereas about 40% of infants born at 34 weeks' gestation demonstrate significant intestinal lactase activity.

While a parent is waiting for the production of the lactase to kick in, there is a remedy that can help soothe baby - Colic Calm. An all natural and homeopathic solution for colic, Colic Calm has been proven to help. Colic Calm’s unique blend of nine natural ingredients stops colic, infant reflux, gas and teething pains. So while you’re waiting for your baby’s production of lactase, Colic Calm will eliminate any pain that they are experiencing.

And most importantly, hang in there. As they say in parenthood, “This too, shall pass.” Make sure to carve out some time for yourself, and if the non-stop crying gets to you, walk away, take some deep breaths, and then come back to cuddle that screaming baby.